Annotating Cerebral edema

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Term Cerebral edema
Description Increased intracellular or extracellular fluid in brain tissue.
Definition Cerebral edema

Cytotoxic brain edema (swelling due to increased intracellular fluid) is indicative of a disturbance in cell metabolism, and is commonly associated with hypoxic or ischemic injuries (see hypoxia, brain). An increase in extracellular fluid may be caused by increased brain capillary permeability (vasogenic edema), an osmotic gradient, local blockages in interstitial fluid pathways, or by obstruction of CSF flow (e.g., obstructive hydrocephalus).

References 1. NCBI, MeSH http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?cmd=search&db=mesh&term=Cerebral edema
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